Cistern, any advice?

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  1. 747mopar

    747mopar FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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    I'm pretty sure I've got this covered but like hearing different ideas so here it goes....

    We built our house 15 years ago and have relied on a preexisting spring for all of our water needs ever since. As the family grew we went to a front load washer and offset the demand but now we added another and am sick of all the silt (shallow spring) so we're starting over. The old one is a 575 gallon above ground concrete tank whereas the new one will be a 1150 gallon burried plastic tank with a submersible pump on a 40/60 switch. I hit 3 springs digging our basement and fortunately took the time to develop them so there's lots of great water dumping over the hill plus 2 more springs to tie into... long story short I live on an oasis.

    Questions are what's a good method of pre cleaning the water? If I only use the springs from the basement which are deep and filter through gravel I'm not concerned but can't see wasting the others. My thought was to burry a plastic 55 gallon drum ahead of the tank, plumb a pipe from the bottom of the drum to just shy of the top to feed the cistern with the overflowing water then the incoming water from the springs would feed in halfway up the drum which would be filled with no smaller than 57 gravel creating a place for silt to settle??? I would also add a flush out drain to periodically flush it out.

    Any ideas on any aspect of this project are welcome. Tank is ordered and I'm going full throttle this Wed until it's done.
     
  2. Photon440

    Photon440 FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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    • oldbee

      oldbee FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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      Wish I could help more than the above. But,I’ll say one thing; 3 washers over last 20yrs and none will throw cold water. Just checked new one that’s feeding off lower sink that has never plugged up. Hose screen is plugged(?), more detectiving myself I guess.
       
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      • mopar 3 B

        mopar 3 B Well-Known Member

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        Any idea what size particals need to be filtered or what the intake flow per minute is?
         
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        • multimopes

          multimopes FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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          I have a well in my neck of the woods and that means minerals and iron which vary depending on the water table. I got tired of cleaning aerators and was worried for my new dishwasher; (had to take apart the solenoid valve several times on the old one), so I installed a low maintenance filter system that I designed myself. Pictured below. The top filter, 74 micron, reverses flow so it backwashes it self simply by turning the top valve 90 degrees and pushes the crap off the outside down the drain. The second filter is a standard cartridge and I change them about every 6 months of so. I started with 5 micron and am down to 1 micron. I am quite pleased with the results. I designed the system to run off of either filter alone or using both with first as a pre-filter or bypassing the whole mess. If you look, I can also back flush the lower filter as well. I also put air bleeds on top and inlet and outlet gauges to monitor pressure drop. HPIM1935.JPG
           
          Last edited: Aug 12, 2018
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          • 747mopar

            747mopar FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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            I talked to a company about filters and they offered free testing so why not, I didn't learn much. The tds count was 200 on the one we're using and the other 125, the ph on both were 7, neither have iron or calcium and the hardness was at 5... that's it, that's all he could tell me. Oh yeah and that he could sell me a $6,300 filtering system!

            I'll have to look into a better source for testing.

            As for flow, are we talking about the springs? I've timed one at 5 gallons a minutes when it was really pouring but Aug-Sept it's more like 1 gallon every 2-3 minutes.
             
            Last edited: Aug 12, 2018
          • 747mopar

            747mopar FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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            Hmmm, I like what you have going on there. Good ideas:thumbsup:
             
          • multimopes

            multimopes FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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            Thank you. The most expensive part was all the shark bites, which are movable by the way. I suck at sweating pipe and would have been cursing my butt off having to drain and re-solder leaky joints. The mess I created could have been worse. LOL. That Lakos "twist to clean" filter is a great design and was the inspiration for the whole thing. I also use "mineral magnets" strapped around the pipes to help with iron deposit removal and that helped also.
             
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            • 747mopar

              747mopar FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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              I was going to ask about the filter types, I'll look into those.

              As for sweating you need to give it another whirl with a little guidance. I've never ever had a joint leak so your missing a step, technique or something? In all honesty I'm probably done messing with it myself especially given how expensive it has gotten. PEX is just hard to beat now days, it's super quick, easy to route, easy to work with, no flames around your studs and it's affordable so why mess around with piles of fittings and all the extra work?
               
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              • multimopes

                multimopes FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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                The Lakos filter isn't sold except to plumbers usually. I got it from Bigbrandwater.com. The other housing is a standard model, don't remember the brand, I got it from my father and it was over 30 years old. The filters for it are around $5 & sold at any hardware store. They have many types of filters for it including charcoal. My supply lines are 3/4".
                The reason I hated soldering is when doing a 90, 45 or coupling, I'd get one side done okay but when heating the second side the first would let go. Also I ran out of acetylene a couple times when doing jobs. I watched someone else do it after so many years and it seems I use too much heat and didn't clean the copper good enough. I soldered flushing tees on my furnace (tank-less coil) 28 years ago so that I could do my own coil cleaning and that worked fine. freshwatersystems.com has filter systems too as well as cannonwater.net.
                Incidently, the inside of both filters is now stained orange from iron and it won't come off! It's good I put the gauges on it to see the pressure drop. LOL
                 
                Last edited: Aug 13, 2018
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                • Road Rat

                  Road Rat FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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                  I’ve seen sand filters with a UV sterilizer downstream of that used for drinking water in Central America. They work very well and the sand filters are back flushable. The water in the rivers there was very silty. Might look at that. Very simple setup that worked for an entire Marina with restaurant.
                   
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                  • tak419

                    tak419 Well-Known Member

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                    If I read it correctly your issue is the silt accumulating in the cistern tank ? If that's the issue and you want to remove as much silt before the cistern you're on the right track with the barrel and gravel. The in house filters are good but your tank will still fill with silt. The silt won't fall out of the water till the water slows down and the gravel will slow the water. Your inlet doesn't have to enter in the bottom, anywhere in the stone will work. You don't want the inlet to end up in the silt and plugging up. If it were mine instead of a 55gl I'd do 2-3 30gl barrels. The water will have more of a chance to drop the settlements and should come out crystal clear after the third barrel.
                     
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                    • 747mopar

                      747mopar FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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                      I meant bringing the water into the center of the drum on the vertical side, could be higher but well below the top and in the gravel.
                       
                    • tak419

                      tak419 Well-Known Member

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                      We're on the same page then...you definitely have the right idea. The reason I mentioned the 2 or 3 tanks is there are times at work we run shallow pumps and in sand. The sand silt will quickly plug the pumps. We do a 3 bucket system all filled with gravel and out the sump hose in the last bucket, it'll run all day and usually won't get any sand in it.
                       
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                      • mopar 3 B

                        mopar 3 B Well-Known Member

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                        Thats why I asked about gpm. If the container is to small particals will not fall out and just get flushed threw.
                        I have some 275 gal containers to play with. But still from what I have read natural filtration is the best.
                         
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                        • 747mopar

                          747mopar FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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                          Figured I'd update and thank you guys for the ideas.

                          I took the overflow from the existing 500 gallon tank and from a 2nd spring feeding them both into a basin that acts as a sediment separator which then fills the 1175 gallon tank. I plumbed the suction line in above the waterline so all I have to do is reach in the hole and unscrew the 1 1/2" drop pipe so the foot valve is easily changed. In the house I took the recommendation to backflush the filters... works awesome! Last is this super cool pump, no tank required and a constant 60psi.... love it. It's a Canadian brand which senses water flow to turn on, once on it maintains a constant 60psi until the flow is shut off. Thanks guys... the new system is providing cleaner water, more pressure and a lot more capacity. 20180819_140212.jpg 20180922_131745.jpg

                          20180819_140212.jpg 20180922_131745.jpg
                           
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                          • mopar 3 B

                            mopar 3 B Well-Known Member

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                            Have you had the water from the new system tested yet and are you planning on monitoring the system threw weather cycles.
                             
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                            • oldbee

                              oldbee FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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                              As above,,,Stark county has a free test set up every year close to Massillon. Has to be something in ur county.
                               
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                              • mopar 3 B

                                mopar 3 B Well-Known Member

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                                I am on a rural water system. The local DNR will not approve private ground water systems for human consumption. They have dam neart regulated rain water systems into nonexistent. Yes we can water plants and lawn. Basically anything that is supported by natural rain fall.

                                Thank you chemical companies and piss poor community developers.
                                 
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                                • oldbee

                                  oldbee FBBO Gold Member FBBO Gold Member

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                                  WTH??
                                   
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